What IS The Latitudinal Extent Of India

What IS The Latitudinal Extent Of India

What IS The Latitudinal Extent Of India

India is one of the ancient civilisations in the

It has achieved multi-faceted socio-
economic progress during the last five

It has moved forward displaying
remarkable progress in the field of
agriculture, industry, technology and overall
economic development. India has also
contributed significantly to the making of
world history.



India is situated north of the equator between 8°4′ north to 37°6′ north latitude and 68°7′ east to 97°25′ east longitude.

The Tropic of Cancer (23° 30’N) divides the
country into almost two equal parts. To the
southeast and southwest of the mainland, lie the Andaman and Nicobar islands and the Lakshadweep islands in Bay of Bengal and
Arabian Sea respectively.

What IS The Latitudinal Extent Of India


India is a vast country. Lying entirely in the
Northern hemisphere (Figure 1.1) the main
land extends between latitudes 8°4’N and
37°6’N and longitudes 68°7’E and 97°25’E.


India measures 3,214 km (1,997 mi) from north to south and 2,933 km (1,822 mi) from east to west. It has a land frontier of 15,200 km (9,445 mi) and a coastline of 7,516.6 km (4,671 mi).

It is the seventh-largest country in the world, with a total area of 3,287,263 square kilometres (1,269,219 sq mi).



India has the 18th largest Exclusive Economic Zone of 2,305,143 km2 (890,021 sq mi).


The land mass of India has an area of 3.28
million square km. India’s total area accounts for about 2.4 per cent of the total geographical area of the world. From Figure 1.2 it is clear that India is the seventh largest country of the world.

India’s Andaman and Nicobar Islands, some 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) southeast of the mainland, share maritime borders with Myanmar, Thailand and Indonesia.

India has a land boundary of about 15,200 km and the total length of the
coastline of the mainland, including
Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep,
is 7,516.6 km.

Kanyakumari at 8°4′41″N and 77°55′230″E is the southernmost tip of the Indian mainland, while the southernmost point in India is Indira Point on Great Nicobar Island.

India’s territorial waters extend into the sea to a distance of 12 nautical miles (13.8 mi; 22.2 km) from the coast baseline.

What IS The Latitudinal Extent Of India



India is bounded by the young fold
mountains in the northwest, north and

South of about 22° north latitude, it begins to taper, and extends towards the Indian Ocean, dividing it into two seas, the Arabian Sea on the west and the Bay of Bengal on its east.


Look at Figure 1.3 and note that the
latitudinal and longitudinal extent of the
mainland is about 30°.

Despite this fact, the east-west extent appears to be smaller than the north-south extent.

From Gujarat to Arunachal Pradesh,
there is a time lag of two hours.

Hence, timealong the Standard Meridian of India (82°30’E) passing through Mirzapur (in
Uttar Pradesh) is taken as the standard time
for the whole country.

The latitudinal extent influences the duration of day and night, as one moves from south to north.

What IS The Latitudinal Extent Of India



The Indian landmass has a central location
between the East and the West Asia. India is a southward extension of the Asian continent. The trans Indian Ocean routes, which connect the countries of Europe in the West and the countries of East Asia, provide a strategic central location to India. Note that the Deccan Peninsula protrudes into the Indian Ocean, thus helping India to establish close contact with West Asia, Africa and Europe from the western coast and
with Southeast and East Asia from the eastern coast. No other country has a long coastline on the Indian Ocean as India has and indeed, it is India’s eminent position in the Indian Ocean, which justifies the naming of an Ocean after it.

India’s contacts with the World have
continued through ages but her relationships through the land routes are much older than her maritime contacts. The various passes across the mountains in the north have provided passages to the ancient travellers, while the oceans restricted such interaction for a long time.

These routes have contributed in the
exchange of ideas and commodities since
ancient times. The ideas of the Upanishads
and the Ramayana, the stories of Panchtantra, the Indian numerals and the decimal system thus could reach many parts of the world. The spices, muslin and other merchandise were taken from India to different countries. On the other hand, the influence of Greek sculpture, and the architectural styles of dome and
minarets from West Asia can be seen in
different parts of our country.

What IS The Latitudinal Extent Of India



India occupies an important strategic position in South Asia. India has 28 states and nine Union Territories (Figure 1.5).


India shares its land boundaries with
Pakistan and Afghanistan in the northwest,
China (Tibet), Nepal and Bhutan in the north
and Myanmar and Bangladesh in the east.

Our southern neighbours across the sea
consist of the two island countries, namely

Sri Lanka and Maldives. Sri Lanka is
separated from India by a narrow channel
of sea formed by the Palk Strait and the Gulf
of Mannar, while Maldives Islands are situated to the south of the Lakshadweep Islands.

India has had strong geographical and
historical links with her neighbours. Look
at the physical map of Asia in your atlas,
and note how India stands apart from the
rest of Asia.

The northern frontiers of India are defined largely by the Himalayan mountain range, where the country borders China, Bhutan, and Nepal.

On the south, India projects into and is bounded by the Indian Ocean—in particular, by the Arabian Sea on the west, the Lakshadweep Sea to the southwest, the Bay of Bengal on the east, and the Indian Ocean proper to the south.

Its western border with Pakistan lies in the Karakoram range, Punjab Plains, the Thar Desert and the Rann of Kutch salt marshes.

What IS The Latitudinal Extent Of India


The northernmost point which is under Indian administration is Indira Col, Siachen Glacier.

The Palk Strait and Gulf of Mannar separate India from Sri Lanka to its immediate southeast, and the Maldives are some 125 kilometres (78 mi) to the south of India’s Lakshadweep Islands across the Eight Degree Channel.

In the far northeast, the Chin Hills and Kachin Hills, deeply forested mountainous regions, separate India from Burma.

The Ganges–Brahmaputra system occupies most of northern, central, and eastern India, while the Deccan Plateau occupies most of southern India.

On the east, its border with Bangladesh is largely defined by the Khasi Hills and Mizo Hills, and the watershed region of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.

The Ganges is the longest river originating in India.

The climate across India ranges from equatorial in the far south, to alpine and tundra in the upper regions of the Himalayas. Geologically, India lies on the Indian Plate, the northern part of the Indo-Australian Plate.

Kangchenjunga, in the Indian state of Sikkim, is the highest point in India at 8,586 m (28,169 ft) and the world’s third highest peak.

What IS The Latitudinal Extent Of India




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