UPSC Full form – Union Public Service Commission

UPSC Full form

UPSC Full form – Union Public Service Commission

 

The Union Public Service Commission commonly abbreviated as UPSC, is India’s premier central recruiting agency for central government public servants. It is responsible for appointments to and examinations for Group A & Group B posts under civil services cadre and defence services cadre of central government.

The chairman and any other member of the Commission can submit his resignation at any time to the President of India.

While Department of Personnel and Training is the central personnel agency in India.

 

The terms and conditions of service of chairman and members of the Commission are governed by the Union Public Service Commission (Members) Regulations, 1969.

 

The Articles 315 to 323 of Part XIV of the constitution, titled as Services Under the Union and the States, provide for a Public Service Commission for the Union and for each state.

With equal numbers of Indian and British members, the commission submitted its report in 1924, recommending setting up of a Public Service Commission.

Every member holds office for a term of six years or until he attains the age of sixty-five years, whichever is earlier.

Such advice is not binding on the Government.

 

Being a constitutional authority, UPSC is amongst the few institutions which function with both autonomy and freedom, along with the country’s higher judiciary and lately the Election Commission.

Accordingly, as per Art. 315, at Union level, Union Public Service Commission is envisaged by it.

The Commission consists of a chairman and other members appointed by The President of India. Usually, the Commission consists of 9 to 11 members including the chairman.

 

UPSC is amongst the few institutions which function with both autonomy and freedom, along with the country’s higher judiciary and lately the Election Commission.

UPSC Full form – Union Public Service Commission

 

Established on 1 October 1926 as Public Service Commission, it was later reconstituted as Federal Public Service Commission by the Government of India Act 1935; only to be renamed as today’s Union Public Service Commission after the independence.

The agency’s charter is granted by Part XIV of the Constitution of India, titled as Services Under the Union and the States.

It was given a constitutional status with under of Constitution of India on 26 January 1950.

The commission is mandated by the Constitution for appointments to the services of the Union and All India Services.

The Federal Public Service Commission became the Union Public Service Commission after independence.

It is also required to be consulted by the Government in matters relating to the appointment, transfer, promotion and disciplinary matters.

A mere limited advisory function was granted to the Public Service Commission and the leaders of the freedom movement continually stressed on this aspect, which then resulted in the setting up of a Federal Public Service Commission under the Government of India Act 1935.

The commission reports directly to the President and can advise the Government through him.

The commission is headquartered at Dholpur House, in New Delhi and functions through its own secretariat. Pradeep Kumar Joshi has been the Chairman of UPSC since August 2020.

The Royal Commission on the superior Civil Services in India was set up under the chairmanship of Lord Lee of Fareham by the British Government in 1923.

 

He may be removed from his office by the President of India on the ground of misbehaviour or if he is adjudged insolvent, or engages during his term of office in any paid employment outside the duties of his office, or in the opinion of the President unfit to continue in office by reason of infirmity of mind or body.

UPSC Full form – Union Public Service Commission

 

Note :-

Only if an inquiry of such misbehavior is made and upheld by Supreme Court.

This led to the establishment of the first Public Service Commission on 1 October 1926 under the chairmanship of Sir Ross Barker.

The Lee Commission proposed that 40% of future entrants should be British, 40% Indians directly recruited, and 20% Indians promoted from the provincial services.

UPSC Full form – Union Public Service Commission

 

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