Project Elephant was launched in 1992 by the Government of India

Project Elephant

Project Elephant

The Project Elephant was launched in 1992 by the Government of India, and it provide financial and technical support to wildlife management efforts by states for their free-ranging populations of wild Asian Elephants.


Other goals of Project Elephant are supporting the research of the ecology and management of elephants, creating awareness of conservation among local people, providing improved veterinary care for captive elephants.

The project aims to ensure the long-term survival to the populations of elephants in their natural habitats by protecting the elephants, their habitats and migration corridors.

Project Elephant was launched in 1992 by the Government of India Ministry of Environment and Forests to provide financial and technical support to wildlife management efforts by states for their free-ranging populations of wild Asian Elephants.



Objectives :-

To protect elephants, their habitat & corridors.

Project Elephant (PE) was launched by the Government of India in the year 1992 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with following objectives:


The Financial support is being provided to major elephant bearing States in the country.

And To address issues of man-animal conflict and Welfare of captive elephants.


The Project is being mainly implemented in 16 States / UTs, viz.

Andhra Pradesh,
Arunachal Pradesh,
Tamil Nadu,
Uttar Pradesh,
Assam, Chhattisgarh,
West Bengal.

And Main activities under the Project are as follows:

To Promotion of measures for mitigation of man-elephant conflict in crucial habitats and moderating pressures of human and domestic stock activities in crucial elephant habitats.


And Ecological restoration of existing natural habitats and migratory routes of elephants are builder Development of scientific and planned management for conservation of elephant habitats and viable population of Wild Asiatic elephants in India.



Strengthening of measures for the protection of Wild elephants from poachers and unnatural causes of death.




Eco-development :-

As of 2010, 32 Elephant Reserves (ERs) extending over about 58,000 square kilometres (22,000 sq mi) have been formally notified by various State Governments.


Veterinary care Elephant Rehabilitation/Rescue Centers Further information: List of Indian states by elephant population




The list of Elephant Reserves with area and elephant population is as follows:

Enumeration :-

PE arranged for training of trainers and also issued detailed guidelines to the chief wildlife wardens and the field coordinators.

This exercise also sought to experiment with two sampling methods, viz. Block sampling and Line transect-Dung Count.

The first exclusive exercise for enumeration of wild elephants in the ERs was conducted during February to May 2005.



The latest census carried out in 2012 put elephant numbers between 28,785and 31,368.

Total population of elephants in 2005 was nearly 21,200.


Monitoring against poaching :-


It is mandated by COP resolution of CITES. Project Elephant was started in South Asia in 2003.

Project Elephant has been formally implementing MIKE (Monitoring of Illegal Killing of Elephants) programme of CITES in 10 ERs since January 2004.

To measure levels and trends in illegal hunting of elephants.


To determine changes in these trends over time.

PE entrusted WII with a small project (2004-05 to 2005-06) to study the impact of the relocation of the Gujjar on the flora and fauna of Rajaji National Park and with the Indian Statistical Institute helped the West Bengal Forest Department carry out a sample-based enumeration of elephants during 2005.


Data are collected from all sites on monthly basis in specified MIKE patrol form and submitted to Sub-Regional Support Office for South Asia Programme in Delhi who are assisting Ministry in implementation of the programme.

To determine the factors causing or associated with these changes and to try and assess in particular to what extent observed trends are a result of any decisions taken by the Conference of the Parties to CITES.



Research :-


The project is being carried out at the CRRI’s research stations in Orissa and Assam.

developing elephant-proof storage bins for food grains. and developing elephant repellents.

Two projects (2003-04 to 2006-07) with the help of the Assam Agricultural University on “Disease management in captive elephants” and “Anatomical studies on the Asian elephant” were conducted.

PE did a 36-months research (2003-04 to 2006-07) with the help of the Central Rice Research Institute (CRRI), Cuttack, for developing high yielding varieties of paddy not relished by elephants.



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