Police Full Form
The Police full form is “Public Officer for Legal Investigations and Criminal Emergencies.”
It is also referred to as “Polite Obedient Loyal Intelligent Courageous Efficient”.
The Indian Police Service (IPS) is a civil service under the All India Services.
It replaced by the “Indian Imperial Police” in 1948, after one year of India became independent from the British Raj.
The police are a constituted body of persons empowered by a state.
with the AIM to enforce the law, to ensure the safety,
possessions of citizens, and
to prevent crime and
Their lawful powers include arrest and the use of force legitimized by the state via the monopoly on violence.
The term is most commonly associated with the police forces of a sovereign state that are authorized to exercise the police power of that state within a defined legal or territorial area of a responsibility.
“Police forces” are defined as “being separate from the military” and other organizations involved in the defense of the state against foreign aggressors.
however, gendarmerie are military units charged with civil policing.
Police forces are usually public sector services, funded through taxes.
IN India The First Police Commission, appointed on 17 August 1865.
It contained detailed guidelines for the desired system of police in India and defined the police as a governmental department to maintain order,
enforce the law,
and to prevent and detect crime.
The Indian Police Service is not a force itself but a service providing leaders and commanders to staff the state police and all-India Central Armed Police Forces.
Its members (IPS) are the senior officers of the police. With the passage of time Indian Police Service’s objectives were updated and redefined.
IPS officers are recruited from Civil Services Examination conducted by UPSC.
They are also promoted from State Police Services and “DANIPS”.
at present, recruitment from Limited Competitive Examination has been put on hold.
The National Police Commission ”NPC” was the first committee set up by the Indian government to report on policing.
The National Police Commission began sitting in 1979, in the context of a post-Emergency India, and produced eight reports, including a Model Police Act, between 1979 and 1981.
In 1972 “Kiran Bedi” became the first woman Indian Police Service officer (IPS)and was the only woman in a batch of 80 IPS Officers, she joined the “AGMUT” Cadre.
She was followed in 1975 by “Jija Madhavan Harisingh” .
who became the first woman Indian Police Service officer from South-India (Karnataka cadre).
she remained in service for 36 years before retirement in 2011 as Director General ( D.G.)
of Police (DGP),
and “Kanchan Chaudhary Bhattacharya”,
the second woman IPS officer belonging to the 1973 Batch,
becoming the first woman Director General (D.G.) of Police of a state in India when she was appointed DGP of Uttarakhand Police.
A police force may be referred to as a
law enforcement agency,
civil guard, or civic guard.
Members of the “IPS” may be referred to as
•peace officers or
The service commands and provides leadership to state and union territories’ police forces,
Central Armed Police Forces of India :-
•National Security Guards (NSG),
•National Disaster Response Force (NDRF),
•National Investigative Agency(NIA),
•Intelligence Bureau (IB),
•Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW),
•Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).
SEE Also : SST Full Form – Social Studies
History of Indian police:-
In 1861, the British Raj introduced the Indian Councils Act, 1861.
The act created the foundation of a modern and professionalised police bureaucracy in India.
It introduced, a new cadre of police, called Superior Police Services, later known as the Indian Imperial Police.
The highest rank in the service was the “inspector general” (I.G.) for each province.
The rank of inspector general (I.G.) was equated and ranked with brigadier, and similar ranks in the Indian Armed Forces, as per central warrant of precedence in 1937.
In year 1902–03, a police commission was established for the Police reforms under Sir “Andrew Fraser” and “Lord Curzon”.
It recommended the appointment of Indians at officer level in the police.
Indians could rise only to the ranks of Inspector of police, the senior N.C.O. position. they were not part of Indian Imperial Police.
In 1907, the secretary of state’s officers were directed to wear the letters “IP” on their epaulettes in order to distinguish them from the other officers not recruited by the secretary of state through examination.
In this sense, 1907 could be regarded as the starting point.
In 1948, a year after India gained independence.
The Imperial Police was replaced by IPS.
Police Full Form – Public Officer for Legal Investigations and Criminal Emergencies