NGO Full Form – Non-Governmental Organization

NGO Full Form

NGO Full Form – Non-Governmental Organization

A non-governmental organization “N.G.O.” is a non-profit group that functions independently of any government.

“N.G.O.”, or non-governmental organizations, play a major role in international development, aid and philanthropy.

“N.G.O.” are known in some countries as nonprofit organizations, and political parties and trade unions are sometimes considered “N.G.O.”.

“N.G.O.”, sometimes called civil societies, are organized on community, national and international levels to serve a social or political goal such as humanitarian causes or the environment.

While “NGO” has various interpretations, the term is generally accepted to include non-profit, private organizations that operate outside of government control.

As such, “N.G.O.” rely on a variety of funding sources from private donations and membership dues to government contribution.

“N.G.O.” are non-profit by definition, but may run budgets of millions or up to billions of dollars each year.

NGO Full Form – Non-Governmental Organization

Operational “N.G.O.”, which focus on the design and implementation of development projects.

Some “N.G.O.” rely primarily on volunteers, while others support a paid staff.

Advocacy “N.G.O.”, which defend or promote a specific cause and seek to influence public policy.

Organizations which are independent of government involvement are known as non-governmental organizations or non-government organizations, with “N.G.O.” as an acronym.

The World Bank identifies two broad groups of NGOs:

According to “”NGO.org”””

(the non-governmental organizations associated with the United Nations),

” any non-profit, voluntary citizens’ group which is organized on a local, national or international level.
The Task-oriented and driven by people with a common interest,.

The “N.G.O.” perform a variety of service and humanitarian functions, bring citizen concerns to Governments, advocate and monitor policies and encourage political participation through provision of information.”

Surveys indicate that “N.G.O.” have a high degree of public trust, which can make them a useful proxy for the concerns of society and stakeholders.

However, “N.G.O.” can also be lobby groups for corporations, such as the World Economic Forum.

“N.G.O.” are usually nonprofit organizations, and many of them are active in humanitarianism or the social sciences.

NGO Full Form – Non-Governmental Organization

“N.G.O.” are a subgroup of organizations founded by citizens, which include clubs and associations that provide services to their members and others.

Russia had about 277,000 NGOs in 2008.

It orientation refers to the type of activities an NGO undertakes.

“N.G.O.” are classified by orientation and level of operation.

India is estimated to have had about two million “N.G.O.” in 2009 (approximately one per 600 Indians), many more than the number of the country’s primary schools and health centers.

Activities may include human rights, consumer protection, environmentalism, health, or development.

An NGO’s level of operation indicates the scale at which an
organization works,
local,
regional,
national, or international.

“N.G.O.” may be classified by their orientation and level of operation.

The term “NGO” is used inconsistently; it is sometimes a synonym for a civil society organization, any association founded by citizens.

NGO Full Form – Non-Governmental Organization

The “N.G.O.” Orientation

Charities: Often a top-down effort, with little participation or input from beneficiaries, they include “N.G.O.” directed at meeting the needs of disadvantaged people and groups.
Service: Includes “N.G.O.” which provide healthcare (including family planning) and
education.

• The Empowerment: Aim to help poor people to understand the social, political and economic factors affecting their lives, and to increase awareness of their power to control their lives.

• The Participation: Self-help projects with local involvement in the form of money, tools, land, materials, or labor

With maximum involvement by the beneficiaries, the NGOs are facilitators.

Level of operation.

State NGOs include state-level organizations, associations, and groups. Some state “N.G.O.” are guided by national and international “N.G.O.”.

City-wide organizations include chambers of commerce and industry, coalitions of business, ethnic or educational groups, and community organizations.

Community-based organizations (CBOs) are popular initiatives which can raise the consciousness of the urban poor, helping them understand their right to services, and providing such services.

International “N.G.O.” range from secular agencies, such as Save the Children, to religious groups.

National “N.G.O.” include national organizations such as YMCAs and YWCAs, professional associations, and similar groups. Some have state or city branches, and assist local “N.G.O.”.

They may fund local “N.G.O.”, institutions and projects, and implement projects.

NGO Full Form – Non-Governmental Organization

Similar terms include the ;-

• grassroots organization (GO),
• private voluntary organization (PVO),
• self-help organization (SHO) and
• non-state actors (NSAs).
• voluntary organization (VO),
• nonprofit organization (NPO),
• civil society organization (CSO),
• third-sector organization (TSO),
• social movement organization (SMO),

In the
Portuguese,
Spanish,
French,
Italian and other Romance languages, the synonymous abbreviation “ONG” is in use for example organisation non gouvernementale in French, Organização Não Governmental.
in Portuguese, Organización no gubernamental in Spanish, and Organizzazione non governativa in Italian.

Other acronyms include :-

• SBO: Social benefit organization, a goal-oriented designation

• TANGO: Technical assistance NGO

• BINGO: Business-friendly international NGO or Big international NGO

• GONGO: Government-organized non-governmental organization

• INGO: International NGO

• DONGO: Donor-organized NGO

• Quango: Quasi-autonomous NGO, set up and funded by the government.

Prevalent in the UK (where there are more than 1,200), the Republic of Ireland, and the Commonwealth.

• CSO: Civil society organization

• National NGO: An NGO which exists in only one country; they are rare.

• ENGO: Environmental NGO, such as Greenpeace and the WWF.

NGO Full Form – Non-Governmental Organization

• NNGO: Northern (UK) NGO

• PANGO: Party NGO, addressing political matters

• SNGO: Southern (UK) NGO

• SCO: Social change organization

• TNGO: Transnational NGO; coined during the 1970s due to the increase of environmental and economic issues in the global community.

TNGOs exist in two (or more) countries.

• GSO: Grassroots Support Organization

• MANGO: Market advocacy NGO

• NGDO: Non-governmental development organization.

• PVDO: Private voluntary development organization;

The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) refers to NGOs as “private voluntary organizations”.

NGOs further the political or social goals of their members (or founders):
improving the natural environment,

encouraging the observance of human rights,

improving the welfare of the disadvantaged,

or representing a corporate agenda.

Their goals cover a wide range of issues.

An international NGO was first defined in resolution 288 (X) of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) on February 27, 1950, as “any international organization that is not founded by an international treaty”.

NGO Full Form – Non-Governmental Organization

International NGOs were important to the anti-slavery and women’s suffrage movements, and peaked at the time of the 1932–1934 World Disarmament Conference.[53] The term became popular with the 1945 founding of the United Nations in 1945.

The role of NGOs and other “major groups” in sustainable development was recognized in Chapter 27 of Agenda 21.

Article 71, Chapter X of its charter stipulated consultative status for organizations which are neither governments nor member states.

The United Nations gave non-governmental organizations observer status at its assemblies and some meetings.

The rapid development of the non-governmental sector occurred in Western countries as a result of the restructuring of the welfare state.

According to the UN, an NGO is a private,
not-for-profit organization which is independent of government control and is not merely an opposition political party.

The rise and fall of international NGOs matches contemporary events, waxing in periods of growth and waning in times of crisis.

Twentieth-century globalization increased the importance of NGOs.

NGO Full Form – Non-Governmental Organization

Globalization of that process occurred after the fall of the communist system, and was an important part of the Washington Consensus.

International treaties and organizations, such as the World Trade Organization, focused on capitalist interests.

To counterbalance this trend, NGOs emphasize humanitarian issues, development aid, and sustainable development.

The fifth World Social Forum, in Porto Alegre, Brazil in January 2005, was attended by representatives of over 1,000 NGOs.

The World Social Forum, a rival convention of the World Economic Forum held each January in Davos, Switzerland.

Transnational NGO networking has become extensive.

International non-governmental organizations date back to at least the late 18th century, and there were an estimated 1,083 NGOs by 1914.

The 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, attended by about 2,400 representatives, was the first to demonstrate the power of international NGOs in environmental issues and sustainable development.

NGO Full Form – Non-Governmental Organization

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