News Full Form – North East West South

News Full Form

News Full Form – North East West South

The word “News” is information about current events.

This word may be provided through many different media.

word of mouth, printing, postal systems, broadcasting, electronic communication, or through the testimony of observers and witnesses to events.

News is sometimes called “hard news” to differentiate it from soft media.

 

Common topics for news reports include war, government, politics, education, health, the environment, economy, business, fashion, and entertainment, as well as athletic events, quirky or unusual events.

 

Government proclamations, concerning royal ceremonies, laws, taxes, public health, and criminals, have been dubbed news since ancient times.

 

Technological and social developments, often driven by government communication and espionage networks, have increased the speed with which news can spread, as well as influenced its content.

The genre of news as we know it today is closely associated with the newspaper.

 

Niccolò Machiavelli was captured by the Medicis in 1513, following a bando calling for his immediate surrender.

News Full Form – North East West South

 

Etymology

The English word “news” developed in the 14th century as a special use of the plural form of “new”.

 

In Middle English, the equivalent word was newes, like the French nouvelles and the German Neues.

Similar developments are found in the Slavic languages – namely the Czech and Slovak noviny (from nový, “new”), the cognate Polish nowiny, the Bulgarian novini, and Russian novosti – and in the Celtic languages:

the Welsh newyddion (from newydd) and the Cornish nowodhow (from nowydh).

The beliefs that “news” is derived from an acronym of the phrase “Notable Events, Weather, and Sports”, or that it is formed from the first letters of the compass (North, East, West, South) are incorrect.

 

Jessica Garretson Finch is credited with coining the phrase “current events” while teaching at Barnard College in the 1890s.

 

Newness
As its name implies, “news” typically connotes the presentation of new information.

The newness of news gives it an uncertain quality which distinguishes it from the more careful investigations of history or other scholarly disciplines.

Whereas historians tend to view events as causally related Manifestations of underlying processes, news stories tend to describe events in isolation, and to exclude discussion of the relationships between them.

News Full Form – North East West South

News conspicuously describes the world in the present or immediate past, even when the most important aspects of a news story have occurred long in the past—or are expected to occur in the future.

To make the news, an ongoing process must have some “peg”, an event in time which anchors it to the present moment.

Relatedly, news often addresses aspects of reality which seem unusual, deviant, or out of the ordinary.

Hence the famous dictum that “Dog Bites Man” is not news, but “Man Bites Dog” is.

 

Another corollary of the newness of news is that, as new technology enables new media to disseminate news more quickly, ‘slower’ forms of communication may move away from ‘news’ towards ‘analysis’.

Commodity :-

A news agency supplies this resource “wholesale” and publishers enhance it for retail.

Perception of these values has changed greatly over time as sensationalized ‘tabloid journalism’ has risen in popularity.

 

According to some theories, “news” is whatever the news industry sells.

Most purveyors of news value impartiality, neutrality, and objectivity, despite the inherent difficulty of reporting without political bias.

Paradoxically, another property commonly attributed to news is sensationalism, the disproportionate focus on, and exaggeration of, emotive stories for public consumption.

News Full Form – North East West South

 

From a commercial perspective, news is simply one input, along with paper (or an electronic server) necessary to prepare a final product for distribution.

News is also sometimes said to portray the truth, but this relationship is elusive and qualified.

Michael Schudson has argued that before the era of World War I and the concomitant rise of propaganda, journalists were not aware of the concept of bias in reporting, let alone actively correcting for it.

Journalism, broadly understood along the same lines, is the act or occupation of collecting and providing news.

 

 

Newsworthiness

Newsworthiness is defined as a subject having sufficient relevance to the public or a special audience to warrant press attention or coverage.

A common sensational topic is violence; hence another news dictum, “if it bleeds, it leads”.

News values seem to be common across cultures.

People seem to be interested in news to the extent which it has a big impact, describes conflicts, happens nearby, involves well-known people, and deviates from the norms of everyday happenings.

War is a common news topic, partly because it involves unknown events that could pose personal danger.

News Full Form – North East West South

 

The Folk news :-

Evidence suggests that cultures around the world have found a place for people to share stories about interesting new information.

 

The news is also transmitted in public gathering places, such as the Greek forum and the Roman baths.

 

Among Zulus, Mongolians, Polynesians, and American Southerners, anthropologists have documented the practice of questioning travelers for news as a matter of priority.

 

Sufficiently important news would be repeated quickly and often, and could spread by word of mouth over a large geographic area.

Starting in England, coffeehouses served as important sites for the spread of news, even after telecommunications became widely available.

 

Even as printing presses came into use in Europe, news for the general public often travelled orally via monks, travelers, town criers, etc.

News Full Form – North East West South

 

 

 

The history of the coffee houses is traced from Arab countries, which was introduced in England in the 16th century.

Travelers on pilgrimages to Mecca traditionally stay at caravanserais, roadside inns, along the way, and these places have naturally served as hubs for gaining news of the world.

In the Muslim world, people have gathered and exchanged news at mosques and other social places.

 

 

 

 

 

The first documented use of an organized courier service for the diffusion of written documents is in Egypt, where Pharaohs used couriers for the diffusion of their decrees in the territory of the State (2400 BC).

These were carved in metal or stone and posted in public places.

Before the invention of newspapers in the early 17th century, official government bulletins and edicts were circulated at times in some centralized empires.

 

Julius Caesar regularly publicized his heroic deeds in Gaul, and upon becoming dictator of Rome began publishing government announcements called Acta Diurna.

 

In late medieval Britain, reports (“tidings”) of major events were a topic of great public interest, as chronicled in Chaucer’s 1380 The House of Fame and other works.

News Full Form – North East West South

 

 

The Zulu Kingdom used runners to quickly disseminate news. In West Africa, news can be spread by griots.

The messengers have been recognized in Vietnamese culture, among the Khasi people in India, and in the Fox and Winnebago cultures of the American midwest.

This news is also not unrelated to gossip, the human practice of sharing information about other humans of mutual interest.

 

In medieval England, parliamentary declarations were delivered to sheriffs for public display and reading at the market.

 

 

 

In 1307 and 1322–1325, laws were established governing their appointment, conduct, and salary.

Different declarations sometimes came with additional protocols; announcements regarding the plague were also to be read at the city gates.

 

In most cases, the official spreaders of news have been closely aligned with holders of political power.

These laws stipulated how many times a banditoro was to repeat a proclamation (forty) and where in the city they were to read them.

 

In thirteenth-century Florence, criers known as banditori arrived in the market regularly, to announce political news, to convoke public meetings, and to call the populace to arms.

 

In addition to major declarations, “bandi” might concern petty crimes, requests for information, and notices about missing slaves.

Town criers were a common means of conveying information to citydwellers.

Some town criers could be paid to include advertising along with news.

News Full Form – North East West South

 

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