NDRF Full Form – National Disaster Response Force

NDRF Full Form

NDRF Full Form – National Disaster Response Force

The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is an Indian specialized force constituted “for the purpose of special response to a threatening disaster situation or disaster” under the Disaster Management Act, 2005.

The Section 44–45 The “Apex Body for Disaster Management” in India is the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA).

The Chairman of the NDMA is the Prime Minister.

National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is under the National Disaster Management Authority.

The responsibility of managing disasters in India is that of the State Government.

The Director Generals of NDRF are IPS officers on deputation from Indian police organisations.

The ‘Nodal Ministry’ in the central government for management of natural disasters is the Ministry of Home Affairs.

The head of the NDRF is designated as Director General.

When ‘calamities of severe nature’ occur, the Central Government is responsible for providing aid and assistance to the affected state, including deploying, at the State’s request, of Armed Forces, Central Paramilitary Forces, “National Disaster Response Force” “N.D.R.F.”, and such communication, air and other assets, as are available and needed.

The NDRF is a top-heavy organisation which in addition to the Director General has several Inspector Generals (IG) and Deputy IGs, who are flag officers and wear badges of rank.

The “Director General” “D.G.” is a three-star officer.

NDRF Full Form – National Disaster Response Force

Composition :-

There are three Border Security Force, three Central Reserve Police Force, two Central Industrial Security Force, two Indo-Tibetan Border Police and two Sashastra Seema Bal.

National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is a force of 12 battalions, organised on para-military lines, and manned by persons on deputation from the para-military forces of India.

Each battalion is capable of providing 18 self-contained specialist search and rescue teams of 45 personnel each including engineers, technicians, electricians, dog squads and medical/paramedics.

The total strength of each battalion is approximately 1149.

During the preparedness period/in a threatening disaster situation, proactive deployment of these forces will be carried out by the NDMA in consultation with state authorities.

These NDRF battalions are located at twelve different locations in the country based on the vulnerability profile to cut down the response time for their deployment.

NDRF Full Form – National Disaster Response Force

Functional parameters :—–

This has to be achieved through a culture of prevention, mitigation and preparedness to generate a prompt and efficient response at the time of disasters.

The aim of the National Disaster Management Authority is to build a safer and disaster resilient India by developing a holistic, proactive, multi-disaster and technology driven strategy for disaster management.

This national vision inter alia, aims at inculcating a culture of preparedness among all stakeholders.

The NDRF Battalions, carrying out mock drills and joint exercises with the various stakeholders.

NDRF has proved its importance in achieving this vision by highly skilled rescue and relief operations, regular and intensive training and re-training, familiarization exercises within the area of responsibility of respective.

NDRF Full Form – National Disaster Response Force

Disaster response :-

NDRF has proved its efficacy with its commendable performance during various disasters including the drowning cases, building collapses, landslides, devastating floods and Cyclones.

NDRF has saved 133,192 human lives and retrieved 2760 dead bodies of disaster victims in 73 response operations in the country.

Some of the major response operations of NDRF as below:

Flood in Rajkot, Gujarat – 3–5 July 2007 – Rescued 291 people; distributed 3,750 food packets

Building collapse (Hotel Shakunt) in Ahmedabad, Gujarat – 3–5 Feb 2008 – Saved 10 people and recovered 6 dead bodies

Flood in Dhemaji, Assam – 16 June – 31 July 2008 – Rescued 600 people

Flood in Lakhimpur, Assam – 21 July – 4 August 2008 – Evacuated 2000 people

In 2007 Flood in Bhavnagar, Gujarat – 3–5 July 2007 – Rescued 291 people; distributed 3,750 food packets

Flood in Lakhimpur, Assam – 14 June – 20 July 2008 – Rescued 2500 civilians

Flood in Lakhimpur, Assam – 31 Aug – 9 September 2008 – Saved 750 people

Kosi breach in Bihar – 20 August 2008 –
Saved over 105,000 people including women, children and the elderly; distributed medicines and water bottles

Flood in Puri, Cuttack, Kendrapara & Jagatsinghpur, Odisha – Sept 2008 – Saved over 1000 people

NDRF Full Form – National Disaster Response Force

Flood in Chennai, Tamil Nadu – 26 Nov – 2

Flood in Kamrup, Assam – 28 September 2008 – Saved 350 people

Flood in Tiruvarur, Tamil Nadu – 26–30 Nov 2008 – Saved 773 people

Rescued 2000 people; distribution of medicine to 30,000 victims & food packets to 16,000 homeless victims

December 2008 – Rescued 1550 people

Cyclone Aila (24 Pargana North & South, West Bengal) – 25 May – 10 June 2009 –

Flood in Sitamarhi, Bihar (Bagmati breach) – 2–9 Aug 2009 – Rescued 1034 people; distributed medicines to 831 victims

Flood in Barpeta, Assam – 27 May 2009 – Saved 300 people

Flood in Junagarh and Porbandar, Gujarat – 16–29 July 2009 – Saved 2225 people

Flood in Kasarkode, Kannur and Ernakulam, Kerala – 17–24 July 2009 – Saved 180 people

Andhra Pradesh & Karnataka Floods – Oct 2009 – Saved 10,659 people

Flood in Howrah & Hooghly, West Bengal – 8–14 Sep 2009 – Rescue 675 people

In Bellary, Karnataka, 2010

During the Kosi breach in Bihar in August 2008, which was declared a national calamity by Prime Minister Shri Manmohan Singh,NDRF personnel actively engaged themselves in rescue operations and relief duties in districts Supaul, Madhepura, Araria and Purnia.

NDRF Full Form – National Disaster Response Force

Impressed with prompt and efficient response of NDRF, Chief Minister of Bihar Shri Nitish Kumar approached Prime Minister Shri Manmohan Singh for a NDRF Bn to be stationed in Bihar and offered 65 acres of land at Bihta near Patna.

NDRF personnel distributed relief supplies including drinking water to the stranded flood victims.

The swift and highly skilled operations of NDRF saved more than 100,000 people trapped in swirling waters of river Kosi.

About 780 NDRF personnel trained in flood rescue operations along with 153 high capacity inflatable boats and other rescue equipment were deployed in the flood affected areas.

Medical camps were also established to provide medical care to the flood affected people.

On 25 May 2009 Cyclone Aila hit West Bengal coast with a fury unprecedented in recent history.

NDRF commendable rescue operations were no less appreciated during the 2008 floods in Odisha, Maharashtra, Kerala and Assam.

NDRF promptly responded to the devastating situation and 600 personnel of NDRF with 84 boats and other rescue equipment started rescue and relief operations at cyclone affected areas of district 24 Pargana North and South of West Bengal.

It took at least 94 lives, seven of them in Kolkata, and affected over 4 million people. More than six lakh houses were destroyed completely or damaged partially.

NDRF Full Form – National Disaster Response Force

On 1 October 2009 in the wake of worsening flood situations in the States of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, the State Government of both the states sent their requests for deployment of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) for rescue and relief operations.

During the operations NDRF personnel rescued around 2000 trapped persons and distributed 50 truckloads of relief materials to the affected people.

NDRF rescued tens of thousands of persons marooned in the floods at these two States and distributed over 40 quintals of food and drinking water.

The rescue personnel deployed in 04 districts of Andhra Pradesh (Kurnool, Vijayawada, Mehboob Nagar and Nandhiyal) and 04 districts of Karnataka (Bagalkote, Raichur, Gadag and Vijaypur) and immediately started rescue and relief operations in the flood affected districts of both the states.

NDMA mobilised 963 flood rescue trained personnel (including some deep divers) and 308 inflatable motorised boats from 05 NDRF Bns located at Arakkonam (Chennai), Pune, Mundali (Odisha), Greater Noida and Bhatinda and airlifted on 2–3 Oct 2009 in Air Force IL-76 and AN-32 aircraft from nearest Air Force bases and Civil Airports.

On 26 January 2010 a five-storied under-construction residential building collapsed at Bellary, Karnataka with about 50 people trapped under the huge debris.

The medical teams of NDRF at these districts administering medical first response and distributing medicines to the flood victims.

In the meticulously carried out operation under huge debris the NDRF managed to rescue 20 live persons. The last person was rescued on the 9th day.

3 rescue teams (102 personnel) of NDRF Bn Pune promptly airlifted to Bellary and NDRF personnel carried out round the clock operation with the help of search & rescue equipment and dogs for 09 days.

NDRF Full Form – National Disaster Response Force

NDRF also retrieved 27 dead bodies trapped under debris.rescue operations in Kerala(2018)

Training of NDRF

With this vision, a detailed “Training Regime for Disaster Response” has been prepared by NDMA/NDRF identifying the specific disaster response training courses and devising a unified, structured and uniform course module as well as a syllabus for these training courses.

In the future, the key to efficient disaster response will depend primarily on the effectiveness of the training and re-training of Specialized Disaster Response Forces.

The need for a uniformly structured course module emerged from the fact that if all the NDRF battalions and other ‘first responders’ undergo the same training exercise, the coordination between different stakeholders would be expedient and well planned at the time of any major disaster where different NDRF battalions, SDRF battalions and other stakeholders will be working together in close coordination with each other.

The proposition behind a unified, structured, uniform course module and syllabus is that first the entire NDRF battalions will successfully attain these courses and subsequently the State Disaster Response Forces (SDRF) and other stakeholders will be trained on the same lines.

NDRF Full Form – National Disaster Response Force

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