MLA Full Form – Member of the Legislative Assembly

MLA Full Form

MLA Full Form – Member of the Legislative Assembly

A Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA), is a representative elected by the voters of a state constituency to the state legislative assembly of a sub-national jurisdiction.



A person, provided he is qualified, is elected as an MLA on the basis of universal adult suffrage by an electorate consisting of all citizens above the age of 18 of that state or UT.

Out of the 28 states and 8 Union Territories According To 104th amendment act” of India, there is a legislature in all the 28 states and 3 Union Territories such as
Puducherry and
Jammu and Kashmir (Union Territory).


Those elected or nominated (by the Governors) to Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) are referred to as Members of Legislative Assembly or MLAs.

Each legislative constituency of the State or UT is represented by only one MLA.

MLA Full Form – Member of the Legislative Assembly


Owing to parliamentary democracy, wherein some members of the legislature also act as the executive, some MLAs may have triple responsibilities.

It with an Act of Parliament, the seats can be fewer than 60, as such is the case in the states of Goa, Sikkim, Mizoram and the UT of Puducherry.

As outlined in the Constitution of India, the number of legislative seats in a legislature cannot be more than 500 members and fewer than 60 members.

In some states, the Governor may appoint 1 member to represent minorities, e.g. the Anglo-Indian community, if he finds that minority inadequately represented in the Legislative Assembly.



As an MLA, as a cabinet minister of a department and/or as a chief minister of that state.

MLA Full Form – Member of the Legislative Assembly


Malaysia :-

Main article: State legislative assemblies of Malaysia

Depending on the population and other factors, each State or UT has varying numbers of MLAs, the highest being in the state of Uttar Pradesh (403) and the least in the UT of Puducherry (30).


The Members of a state legislative assembly comprises elected representatives from single-member constituencies during state elections through the first-past-the-post system.


The majority party in each assembly forms the state government, and the leader of the majority party becomes chief minister of the state.



The hereditary rulers or governors are vested with powers to dissolve their respective state legislative assemblies on the advice of the chief minister.

Usually, state elections are held simultaneously with the federal parliamentary elections, with the exception of Sarawak, and before 2004, Sabah.

MLA Full Form – Member of the Legislative Assembly


Once dissolved, elections must be carried out within an interim period of sixty (60) days.


The state legislative assemblies are unicameral, unlike the bicameral Parliament of Malaysia.



Another election was held on 7 March 2007 and powers were restored to the Assembly in May 2007.


The Assembly was suspended on October 14, 2002 but the persons elected to it at the 2003 Assembly Election were called together on 15 May 2006 under the Northern Ireland Act 2006.

Members of the Northern Ireland Assembly, the devolved legislature of Northern Ireland are known as MLAs (Members of the Legislative Assembly).

for the purpose of electing a First Minister and Deputy First Minister and choosing the members of an Executive (before 25 November 2006) as a preliminary to the restoration of devolved government in Northern Ireland.

MLA Full Form – Member of the Legislative Assembly


In the United States of America, :-

In 24 states, it is simply called the Legislature or the State Legislature, while in 19 states, the legislature is called the General Assembly.


The formal name of the legislature varies from state to state.


state legislator is the generic term referring to a member of the legislative body of any of the country’s 50 states.

MLA Full Form – Member of the Legislative Assembly


In Massachusetts and New Hampshire, :-

The Associated Press guidelines for journalists, refer to legislators as state representatives or state senators to avoid confusion with federal counterparts.

the legislature is called the General Court, while North Dakota and Oregon designate the legislature as the Legislative Assembly.

MLA Full Form – Member of the Legislative Assembly




Vidhan sabha :-


In the 26 states and 3 union territories with a unicameral state legislature, it is the sole legislative body and in 6 states it is the lower house of their bicameral state legislatures with the upper house being State Legislative Council.


The State Legislative Assembly, or Vidhan Sabha, or also Saasana Sabha is a legislative body in the states and union territories of India.



an exception may be granted via an Act of Parliament as is the case in the states of Goa, Sikkim, Mizoram and the union territory of Puducherry which have fewer than 60 members.

5 Union territories are governed directly by the Union Government of India and have no legislative body.

The Constitution of India states that a State Legislative Assembly must have no less than 60 and no more than 500 members.


Each Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) is directly elected to serve 5 year terms by single-member constituencies.

MLA Full Form – Member of the Legislative Assembly



Member of Legislative Assembly :-

A State Legislative Assembly may be dissolved in a state of emergency, by the Governor on request of the Chief Minister, or if a motion of no confidence is passed against the ruling majority party or coalition.

He or she may not be a Member of Parliament and Member of the State Legislative Council at the same time.


To become a member of a State Legislative Assembly ( voters’ list of the state for which he or she is contesting an election.


A State Legislative Assembly holds equal legislative power with the upper house of state legislature, the State Legislative Council, except in the area of dissolution of state government and passing of money bills, in which case the State Legislative Assembly has the ultimate authority.


He or she should also state that there are no criminal procedures against him or her.

MLA Full Form – Member of the Legislative Assembly



Powers of legislative assemblies are given below:

If it is passed by a majority vote, then the Chief Minister and her/his Council of Ministers must collectively resign.


A motion of no confidence against the government in the state can only be introduced in the State Legislative Assembly.




In matters related to ordinary bills, the will of State Legislative Assembly prevails and there is no provision of joint sitting.


In bicameral jurisdictions, after it is passed in the State Legislative Assembly, it is sent to the State Legislative Council, where it can be kept for a maximum time of 14 days.


Legislative Assembly of the state has to power to create or abolish the State Legislative Council by passing a resolution to that effect by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members present and voting.

In such cases, State Legislative Council can delay the legislation by maximum 4 months the “3 months in first visit and 1 month in the second visit of the bill”.

A money bill can only be introduced in State Legislative Assembly.

MLA Full Form – Member of the Legislative Assembly



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