MD Full form – Doctor of Medicine

MD Full form

MD Full form – Doctor of Medicine

Doctor of Medicine (abbreviated M.D., from the Latin Medicinae Doctor) is a medical degree, the meaning of which varies between different jurisdictions.

MD, or Doctor of Medicine, like various postgraduate courses, is a degree rather than a course which can be pursued.

In the United States, and some other countries, the M.D. denotes a professional graduate degree.

MD, inevitably, is a postgraduate course, which, as per the Medical Council of India, is conducted for a duration of 3 years across different specialisations.

This generally arose because many in 18th-century medical professions trained in Scotland, which used the M.D. degree nomenclature.

Typically a physician must go through a residency for at least three years and take some form of licensing examination in their jurisdiction.

In England, however, Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery was used and eventually in the 19th century became the standard in Scotland too.

This degree was awarded after a curriculum composed of three years of study of logic, five years of medical studies, an examination of a commission composed of the professors of the university.

In most countries having a Doctor of Medicine degree does not mean that the individual will be allowed to practice medicine.

a one-year apprenticeship with an expert doctor, and a final examination before the commissioners of the Royal Curia and the Provincial Curias.

MD Full form – Doctor of Medicine


Thus, in the United Kingdom, Ireland and other countries, the M.D. is a research doctorate, higher doctorate, honorary doctorate or applied clinical degree restricted to those who already hold a professional degree(Bachelor’s/Master’s /Doctoral) in medicine; in those countries, the equivalent professional to the North American and some others use of M.D. is still typically titled Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (M.B.B.S.).

A feminine form, “Doctress of Medicine” or Medicinae Doctrix, was also used by the New England Female Medical College in Boston in the 1860s.

The first medical degrees were awarded by the Schola Medica Salernitana around the year 1000, including to women such as Trota of Salerno.

These first few North American medical schools that were established were (for the most part) founded by physicians and surgeons who had been trained in England and Scotland.

In 1703, the University of Glasgow’s first medical graduate, Samuel Benion, was issued with the academic degree of Doctor of Medicine.

The degrees received legal sanction in 1137 by Roger II of Sicily and in 1231 by Emperor Federico II, in the Constitution of Melfi.

Early medical schools in North America that granted the Doctor of Medicine degrees were Columbia, Penn, Harvard, Maryland, and McGill.

MD Full form – Doctor of Medicine


In the titles XLIV-LXXXIX of the third book of the Constitutions of 1231, it was established that the activity of a physician could only be carried out by physicians holding a medical degree, the Licentia Medendi.

North American medical schools switched to the tradition of the ancient universities of Scotland and began granting the M.D. title rather than the MB beginning in the late 18th century.

The Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York (which at the time was referred to as King’s College of Medicine) was the first American university to grant the M.D. degree instead of the MB.

MD Full form – Doctor of Medicine


University medical education in England culminated with the MB qualification, and in Scotland the M.D., until in the mid-19th century the public bodies who regulated medical practice at the time required practitioners in Scotland as well as England to hold the dual Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery degrees (MB BS/MBChB/MB BChir/BM BCh etc.).

by the Schola Medica Salernitana (the only school in the kingdom authorized to award degrees in medicine.

MD Full form – Doctor of Medicine



Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *