Environmental Pollution Essay

Environmental Pollution Essay

Environmental Pollution Essay


A pollutant is a waste material that pollutes air, water, or soil.

Pollution began to draw major public attention in the United States between the mid-1950s and early 1970s, when Congress passed the Noise Control Act, the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, and the National Environmental Policy Act.

Three factors determine the severity of a pollutant, its chemical nature, the concentration, the area affected and the persistence.


Visitors, especially women, often became desperate when nature called. In the public buildings the sanitary facilities were unbelievably primitive.

Groundwater pollution from waste disposal and leaching into the ground, including from pit latrines and septic tanks, eutrophication and littering.

Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change.
including human feces from open defecation still a major problem in many developing countries.

Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat, or light. Pollutants, the components of pollution, can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants.

Release of waste and contaminants into surface runoff flowing to surface waters and including urban runoff and agricultural runoff, which may contain chemical fertilizers and pesticides.

The primitive conditions were intolerable for a world national capital, and the Imperial German government brought in its scientists, engineers, and urban planners to not only solve the deficiencies, but to forge Berlin as the world’s model city.

Pollution is often classed as point source or nonpoint source pollution. In 2015, pollution killed 9 million people worldwide.

Discharges of untreated domestic sewage, and chemical contaminants, such as chlorine, from treated sewage.

As a metropolis, Berlin did not emerge from a state of barbarism into civilization until after 1870.”


Major forms of pollution include air pollution, light pollution, litter, noise pollution, plastic pollution, soil contamination, radioactive contamination, thermal pollution, visual pollution, and water pollution.

Water pollution, by the discharge of wastewater from commercial and industrial waste into surface waters.

Environmental Pollution Essay



Air pollution has always accompanied civilizations.

Visual pollution, which can refer to the presence of overhead power lines, motorway billboards, scarred landforms , open storage of trash, municipal solid waste or space debris.


A British expert in 1906 concluded that Berlin represented “the most complete application of science, order and method of public life,” adding “it is a marvel of civic administration, the most modern and most perfectly organized city that there is.”

Pollution started from prehistoric times, when man created the first fires.

Thermal pollution, is a temperature change in natural water bodies caused by human influence, such as use of water as coolant in a power plant.

August Bebel recalled conditions before a modern sewer system was built in the late 1870.


According to a 1983 article in the journal Science, “soot” found on ceilings of prehistoric caves provides ample evidence of the high levels of pollution that was associated with inadequate ventilation of open fires.”

Radioactive contamination, resulting from 20th century activities in atomic physics, such as nuclear power generation and nuclear weapons research, manufacture and deployment.

Environmental Pollution Essay


Metal forging appears to be a key turning point in the creation of significant air pollution levels outside the home.

Soil contamination occurs when chemicals are released by spill or underground leakage. Among the most significant soil contaminants are hydrocarbons, heavy metals, MTBE, herbicides, pesticides and chlorinated hydrocarbons.

Core samples of glaciers in Greenland indicate increases in pollution associated with Greek, Roman, and Chinese metal production.

This prompted some of the first major modern environmental legislation: the Clean Air Act of 1956.

Environmental Pollution Essay


The burning of coal and wood, and the presence of many horses in concentrated areas made the cities the primary sources of pollution.

Awareness of atmospheric pollution spread widely after World War II, with fears triggered by reports of radioactive fallout from atomic warfare and testing.

The Industrial Revolution brought an infusion of untreated chemicals and wastes into local streams that served as the water supply.

Air pollution would continue to be a problem in England, especially later during the industrial revolution, and extending into the recent past with the Great Smog of 1952.

King Edward I of England banned the burning of sea-coal by proclamation in London in 1272, after its smoke became a problem;

Extreme smog events were experienced by the cities of Los Angeles and Donora, Pennsylvania in the late 1940s, serving as another public reminder.

the fuel was so common in England that this earliest of names for it was acquired because it could be carted away from some shores by the wheelbarrow.

Other cities followed around the country until early in the 20th century, when the short lived Office of Air Pollution was created under the Department of the Interior.

Environmental Pollution Essay


It was the Industrial Revolution that gave birth to environmental pollution as we know it today.

As historian Martin Melosi notes, the generation that first saw automobiles replacing the horses saw cars as “miracles of cleanliness”.


London also recorded one of the earlier extreme cases of water quality problems with the Great Stink on the Thames of 1858, which led to construction of the London sewerage system soon afterward.

Pollution became a major issue in the United States in the early twentieth century.


As progressive reformers took issue with air pollution caused by coal burning, water pollution caused by bad sanitation, and street pollution caused by the 3 million horses who worked in American cities in 1900, generating large quantities of urine and manure.

Pollution issues escalated as population growth far exceeded viability of neighborhoods to handle their waste problem. Reformers began to demand sewer systems and clean water.

Chicago and Cincinnati were the first two American cities to enact laws ensuring cleaner air in 1881.

By the 1940s, however, automobile-caused smog was a major issue in Los Angeles.

The emergence of great factories and consumption of immense quantities of coal gave rise to unprecedented air pollution and the large volume of industrial chemical discharges added to the growing load of untreated human waste.

Environmental Pollution Essay


There were no public toilets in the streets or square.

The major forms of pollution are listed below along with the particular contaminant relevant to each of them.


• Air pollution,
• Electromagnetic pollution,
• Light pollution,
• Littering pollution,
• Noise pollution,
• Plastic pollution etc.



#Air pollution:

Photochemical ozone and smog are created as nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons react to sunlight.

the release of chemicals and particulates into the atmosphere.

Environmental Pollution Essay


Particulate matter, or fine dust is characterized by their micrometre size PM10 to PM2.5.

Common gaseous pollutants include carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and nitrogen oxides produced by industry and motor vehicles.


#Electromagnetic pollution:

It’s still unknown whether or not those types of radiation have any effects on human health, though.

the overabundance of electromagnetic radiation in their non-ionizing form, like radio waves, etc, that people are constantly exposed at, especially in large cities.

Environmental Pollution Essay


# Light pollution:

includes light trespass, over illumination and astronomical interference.


# Littering:

the criminal throwing of inappropriate man-made objects, and unremoved, onto public and private properties.


#Noise pollution:

which encompasses roadway noise, and aircraft noise, industrial noise as well as high-intensity sonar.


#Plastic pollution:

involves the accumulation of plastic products and microplastics in the environment that adversely affects wildlife, wildlife habitat, or humans.


Waste-water from the houses collected in the gutters running alongside the curbs and emitted a truly fearsome smell.


In 1870, the sanitary conditions in Berlin were among the worst in Europe.

Environmental Pollution Essay



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