DC Full Form – Direct Current

DC Full Form

DC Full Form – Direct Current

The word “D.C.” is Stands for “Direct current”.

Direct current (DC) is the one directional flow of electric charge.

An electrochemical cell is a prime example of DC power.

Direct current may flow through a conductor such as a wire, but can also flow through semiconductors, insulators, or even through a vacuum as in electron or ion beams.

The electric current flows in a constant direction, distinguishing it from alternating current (AC).

A term formerly used for this type of current was galvanic current.

Direct current may be converted from an alternating current supply by use of a rectifier, which contains electronic elements (usually) or electromechanical elements (historically) that allow current to flow only in one direction.

The abbreviations AC and DC are often used to mean simply alternating and direct, as when they modify current or voltage.

Direct current may be converted into alternating current via an inverter.

Very large quantities of electrical energy provided via direct-current are used in smelting of aluminum and other electrochemical processes.

DC Full Form – Direct Current

Direct current has many uses, from the charging of batteries to large power supplies for electronic systems, motors, and more.

High-voltage direct current is used to transmit large amounts of power from remote generation sites or to interconnect alternating current power grids.

It is also used for some railways, especially in urban areas.

The nature of how current flowed was not yet understood.

Direct current was produced in 1800 by Italian physicist Alessandro Volta’s battery, his Voltaic pile.

The French physicist André-Marie Ampère conjectured that current travelled in one direction from positive to negative.

When French instrument maker Hippolyte Pixii built the first dynamo electric generator in 1832, he found that as the magnet used passed the loops of wire each half turn, it caused the flow of electricity to reverse, generating an alternating current.

The late 1870s and early 1880s saw electricity starting to be generated at power stations.

At Ampère’s suggestion, Pixii later added a commutator, a type of “switch” where contacts on the shaft work with “brush” contacts to produce direct current.

This was followed by the wide spread use of low voltage direct current for indoor electric lighting in business and homes after inventor Thomas Edison launched his incandescent bulb based electric “utility” in 1882.

DC Full Form – Direct Current

These were initially set up to power arc lighting a popular type of street lighting running on very high voltage direct current or alternating current.

In the mid-1950s, high-voltage direct current transmission was developed, and is now an option instead of long-distance high voltage alternating current systems.

Because of the significant advantages of alternating current over direct current in using transformers to raise and lower voltages to allow much longer transmission distances, direct current was replaced over the next few decades by alternating current in power delivery.

For long distance underseas cables, this “D.C.” option is the only technically feasible option.

The term “D.C.” is used to refer to power systems that use only one polarity of voltage or current, and to refer to the constant, zero-frequency, or slowly varying local mean value of a voltage or current.

For applications requiring direct current, such as third rail power systems, alternating current is distributed to a substation, which utilizes a rectifier to convert the power to direct current.

The voltage across a “D.C.” voltage source is constant as is the current through a “D.C.” current source.

It can be shown that any stationary voltage or current waveform can be decomposed into a sum of a “D.C.” component and a zero-mean time-varying component.

DC Full Form – Direct Current

The “D.C.” solution of an electric circuit is the solution where all voltages and currents are constant.

Although “D.C.” stands for “direct current”, “D.C.” often refers to “constant polarity”.

the “D.C.” component is defined to be the expected value, or the average value of the voltage or current over all time.

Some forms of “D.C.” have almost no variations in voltage, but may still have variations in output power and current.

Under this definition, “D.C.” voltages can vary in time, as seen in the raw output of a rectifier or the fluctuating voice signal on a telephone line.

DC Full Form – Direct Current

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